CITIZEN 13660, by Mine Okubo - 1946 [1st Ed]
by Mine Okubo
First Edition. Published by: Columbia University Press. New York, NY. 1946.
Hardback is overall in VERY GOOD condition.
- Illustrated grey cloth covers exhibit minimal signs of commensurate age and wear.
- Boards are gently darkened, rubbed and stained and exhibit mild edgewear.
- Corners are mild rubbed and bumped.
- Spine is secure with lettering and illustration though gently darkened and rubbed with pushed and rubbed ends. Please see photos.
- Binding is secure overall though feels brittle in areas with light cracks to the gutters along pages 26/27, 42/43. Please see photos.
- Endpapers are gently age-toned while the ffep bears a signature in pencil.
- Interior is gently age-toned and exhibits faint stains in areas. Please see photos.
- Inside pages are free of writing and intentional marks.
- Text block edges are gently darkened and rubbed.
- Book may exhibit additional minor signs of age or wear.
A poignant portrayal of the author's life taken from the pages of her personal sketchbook that together document the period of nearly three years of incarceration within Japanese American internment camps of World War II.
About the author:
Miné Okubo (June 27, 1912 – February 10, 2001) was an American artist and writer. She is best known for her book Citizen 13660, a collection of 189 drawings and accompanying text chronicling her experiences in Japanese American internment camps during World War II.
Born in Riverside, California, Miné Okubo attended Poly High School, Riverside Junior College, and later received a Master of Fine Arts degree from the University of California at Berkeley, class of 1938. A recipient of the Bertha Taussig Memorial Traveling Fellowship in 1938, Okubo spent two years traveling in France and Italy where she continued her development as an artist. While in Paris, she studied under the famous early 20th century avant-garde painter Fernand Léger.
From 1939 to 1942, following her return to America from Europe, Okubo created several murals under commission by the Federal Art Project. She was also commissioned by the United States Army to create mosaic and fresco murals. She collaborated with the Mexican muralist Diego Rivera in San Francisco for the Works Progress Administration.Prior to the order for internment, while living in Berkeley, CA, Okubo had been creating mosaics for Fort Ord and the Servicemen's Hospitality House in Oakland, CA. Okubo obtained a special permit, an exemption to the 5-mile travel limit from home, necessary to perform her work in Oakland.
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Okubo and her brother were interned to Tanforan Assembly Center and then the Topaz War Relocation Center from 1942 to 1944. There she made over 2000 drawings and sketches of daily life in the camps, many of which were included in her book. After her release Okubo relocated to New York to continue her career as an artist, earning numerous awards and recognitions.
On April 24, 1942, within five months of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and two months after Roosevelt's Executive Order 9066, Okubo along with her brother, Toku Okubo, who had been a student at Berkeley, were relocated to the Japanese internment camp of Tanforan. Living in a converted horse stall furnished with army cots, they adjusted to the twice-daily roll calls, curfews and the lack of privacy.
Following six months of confinement at Tanforan, Okubo and her brother were transferred to the Topaz Relocation Center, Utah. Almost never without her sketchpad, Okubo recorded her images of drama, humiliation, and everyday struggle. While interned, Okubo taught art to children and later entered a magazine contest with her drawing of a camp guard.
When Fortune magazine learned of her talent, the firm hired her as an illustrator, an arrangement that allowed her to leave the camp after a two-year confinement and relocate to New York City. Prior to her relocation to New York, Okubo had shipped a crate of her belongings to Fortune magazine's offices
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